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Building a Custom, Tiled Cover for a Recirculating Range Hood

May 30, 2019  —  Written by Chris 

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As we come to a close on the Fullmer’s kitchen (aiming to finish tomorrow, with the exception of some stying and pantry organization etc.), we’re so excited to pull together all of the little parts of this project to share. One of those parts we wanted to share today – building out their custom, tiled cover for their Cafe Appliances range hood insert.

There are, of course, several ways you can build a range hood cover. Most commonly you’d use cabinet-grade 3/4 plywood and cabinetry screws to form a box around the range hood, but we went a different route this time. Because we wanted to tile the entire cover, and the hood was going to be hanging from the ceiling, I wanted to keep bulk down while having a sturdy structure. Also, since we were doing a recirculating range hood (the insert we used can be either, but we went with recirculating because this is the front and center of their home and they didn’t want a vent sticking out) and I had to retrofit it a bit, I wanted easy access to connect the exhaust after the hood was in place. For those reasons, I went with 2×3 dimensional framing lumber for the skeleton.

1. Build the Skeleton
Whenever I’m building a custom range hood I prefer to build it directly around the hood itself, as opposed to taking measurements and hoping it ends up right. I first framed the front and sides, leaving the back open so the hood would sit flush against the back wall.

Building a custom range hood cover

I then set that aside and repeated the process, but this time I removed the frame from the hood and added a back piece to close in the support. These pieces would be the bottom (front and sides framed) and top (all four sides framed) structure. I then added four vertical supports in the corners to create a box.

Building our custom range hood cover

Since we wanted to tile the hood, I needed to add a layer of 1/4in Durarock on the outside. To keep this stable, I added vertical supports leaving gaps no larger than 10in.

Building our custom range hood cover

2. Ensure Proper Ventilation
A vent hood is designed to move a specific amount of air, and when you plan your ventilation make sure you maintain adequate air flow. Our Cafe Appliances range hood came with an 8in duct, and suggested venting out the front of the hood, near the top. In visiting with the homeowners, we didn’t want a large, clearly visible vent on the front of our tiled range hood, so we opted to create custom duct work to split the air flow and taper to two 4in vents.

Note: This was a compromise with the understanding that we would have slightly louder wind noise due to the reduction of air flow, but we felt it wouldn’t be significant enough of a reduction to negatively impact the day-to-day function of the hood. Every homeowner should make that choice for themselves, of course. 

Anybody who has ever tried to find a round, 4in vent register has likely found the same thing I did – they don’t really make them. Or at least they aren’t common enough to be in any of the major hardware stores. But what they do have is plumbing drains.

building our custom range hood

This is obviously a “hack,” but worked amazingly well. Not only was it white and would blend into the tile well, but it came with a nut and washers you could tighten over the Durarock so it would hold itself in place.

Ventilation on a recirculating range hood cover

Venting our recirculating range hood cover

I kept the front of the cover open at this point so I could finish attaching all of the venting after it was hung and in place. But here’s a look at the final venting:

A look at the venting of our custom range hood cover

I opted for 4in flex tubing, typically used for dryer vents. Using this I could tuck the venting as close to the ceiling as possible while allowing flexibility on actual vent placement. I secured them using large hose clamps and foil tape.

3. Mount the Cover to the Ceiling
Mounting the cover is simple, but requires an extra set of hands. Cut two boards that fit inside the top of the cover on the sides (or the front, depending on the direction of your ceiling joists – supports should be perpendicular to the ceiling joists). Hold the cover in place where you want it to go and mark the ceiling all around the inside of the frame, then set the cover aside. Secure your mounting boards directly to your ceiling joists lined up to the inside edge of the line you marked when holding the cover in place.

Mounting a range hood cover

Due to the weight, these supports MUST be secured directly to the joists. Hold the cover back in place so it slips around the mounting boards, then secure the cover to the boards with 3in wood screws spaced 6-8 inches apart.

4. Install the Range Hood

Attach the range hood to the cover

Lift the range hood into place and secure it to the cover. Attach your venting and finish enclosing it by adding the Durarock on the front and joining the corners with mesh tape and mortar. Allow to dry over night.

Building a custom, tile range hood cover

5. Tile the Cover
We decided to miter all the corners of the hood and carry the tile to the underlip as well since there was bare wood there. Alternatively, you could just used finished edge tile. Using a table saw, make a 1/2in square notch along the edge of some leftover 2×3 lumber. Use this to build a ledger for the tile and secure it to the base of the cover.

Building a custom, tile range hood cover

Start tiling from the bottom (we used the Cloe wall tile from Bedrosians), centering the first tile and going out from there. Be sure to trim the bottom row so the top grout line matches up with the grout lines on the wall. Also, there are a few ways you can handle the edges, but we mitered the tiles and that worked great. When mitering, be sure to plan your cuts to allow for grout along the corner.

We made a video talking through some of the considerations for the range hood cover, as well as showing the tiling process all the way to grout! which you can see below.

Custom cover for a recirculating range hood

The entire process took place over 3 days. Building the cover was a full day, tiling took a few hours the second day, and grouting/caulking took about an hour the third day. All in all this was a very approachable project that gave this already special kitchen another element that’s interesting, but not stealing attention from the elements around it. Jules and I say all the time how this kitchen is definitely our favorite kitchen we’ve done (including our own), and every bit of progress just makes that more true.

Our Final, Custom Range Hood Cover

Note: In this post I didn’t share dimensions of the range hood cover, because that’s likely not relevant to the cover you need to make for your space. Your range hood will be a different size and your ceilings a different height. Plan for 28-36in of space between the top of your range and the bottom of the hood cover (getting as close to 36in as you can), and implement the above steps to help you create something that fits perfectly in your own space. 

What do you think?

  1. Debbie Guyot Sliwa says:

    I don’t get the point of venting into a room! I’m changing out my above stove microwave that does that!

  2. Kerry says:

    Love this kitchen. Did you guys seal your grout? I’m wondering if I should put a sealant on the tile especially in back of the stove.

  3. Abbey David says:

    This may be the silliest question but when a vent hood is covered like this, how do you ever replace it if it breaks or do maintenance? I want to do something similar in my kitchen Reno, but don’t want to have to rip it out if my vent hood breaks.

  4. Beth F. says:

    Thanks this helps a lot in building our custom hood. Can you tell me where the kitchen cabinets are from? They look like a matte natural wood shaker.

  5. Rachel says:

    Looks great! I’ve been told you need to be able to access it from the front to service the hood.. is that a concern? Or how do you access?

  6. Heather says:

    Where is this gorgeous tile from??

  7. It looks great! I haven’t seen this in too many places so I’m glad you decided to do it. I recently redid my bathroom with the more modern tile design and realized that the tile I used is prone to bacteria and grime build up so I found another post on how to manage it. https://www.precisionchemdry.com/5-tips-pro-tile/

  8. Kari Harding says:

    Does the vent need an electrical source? I didn’t see one.

  9. Julie says:

    The tile is beautiful and I LOVE how it looks with those cabinets! Beautiful space! Thanks for sharing!

  10. April says:

    How did you cut the perfect circle around the drain?

  11. Rp says:

    Hi,
    We are having our range hood installed next week and were told to use a rigid duct not flexible for two reasons – noise increases with flexible ducting and also grease accumulation is more with flexible duct since it has all those ridges. Also they said that every bend in the duct reduces suction by 10-15%. I am sure you all took all this into consideration but thought I would leave this info in comments for anyone else installing a range hood since I just talked to the manufacturer today. Fwiw, ours is not recirculating but vents outside. I read in your note that the reduction in volume by half by switching to two 4″ ducts was a compromise you were willing to make but didn’t see the other two points so just wanted to put this info out there too! Xx

  12. Jen says:

    My favorite kitchen of yours also. So dreamy. The range hood is beautiful. We had a similar venting problem, but opted to vent out of the soffit to avoid a pipe.

  13. Danielle says:

    I can’t wait to hear about those faux beams! What a sexy way to bring some warmth into the kitchen!

    • Sean says:

      Wow, sorry for such a late question, but I’m just in the middle of a similar (but much less beautiful!) project to box in a rangehood, and your articles have been so useful during my kitchen reno project!

      Question – looks like the electrical cable is hardwired to the unit, or at least will be completely boxed in with no access? This is what my partner wants, but I feel a little freaked out boxing in an outlet with no way to take a look at it ‘just in case’, or disconnect it if needed! Is it quite normal to block them in, for aesthetic reasons?
      Thanks!

  14. Claudia says:

    When you split an 8″ duct, why did you use 4″ ductwork? Area of 8″ circle = 50 in^2, area of 4″ circles = 12 x 2 = 24 in^2. Haven’t you reduced your flow area by roughly half? Is that a problem?

    • Chris says:

      It was a compromise so there wasn’t large vents visible, though when the blower is on “High” the sound is a little louder than it would be otherwise. Outside that, we don’t expect a negative impact on the function of the hood – if we experience otherwise we’ll be sure to update the post!

  15. celine says:

    Wow. This is awesome. Thanks so much for sharing the detailed step by step. I loved your cabin, but I am loving all of your recent posts- with the moving check list pdf, and detailed DIYs. Thanks for making lemonade from lemons. Y’all are awesome.

  16. Courtney says:

    I couldn’t help but notice all the tile work on the wall that is now covered by the range hood. Did you have another plan for the hood when you tiled the wall? Did you know that you would be creating this box the whole time?

    • Chris says:

      We knew the box would cover it, but it’s not a large area and tiling it all helped keep the lines and pattern consistent. If someone were really short on tile they could save a few square feet by not tiling it, though.

  17. Amy says:

    Why didn’t you duct the hood to the exterior?

    • Aminah says:

      Because they didn’t want a vent showing on their front exterior wall. They make recirculating vent hoods for these kind of situations.

  18. Breanna says:

    How long did you wait for the grout to cure before using the muriatic acid? Thanks!

    • Chris says:

      Only about 4 hours. The acid was a light spray and quickly scrubbed off. You do need to take care not to dig too hard into the grout, though.

  19. Shannon says:

    Are you planning to do anything about that super textured ceiling?

  20. Ida says:

    I love the kitchen!
    You probably checked with the vent supplier, but as an engineer I cannot help commenting that the velocity of the same air flow through two 4″ ducts will actually be twice as high as through one 8″ duct. So two 4″ ducts+registers are not equivalent to the one 8″ duct+register that is recommended by the supplier.
    (the cross sectional area of a duct with half the diameter will be 4x as small, square units!)
    Splitting up the flow and the use of smaller ducts also increases friction losses.
    Maybe worth putting in a note in the post?

    • Chris says:

      Yes, I didn’t explain that process well. I added a note – it’s definitely something to be aware of.

  21. Okay, the mitered tile corners are amazing but get out of here with those sconces and the beams!!! I can’t wait to see all of this space; it looks so beautiful already!!!

  22. Amy Kopp says:

    Why did you guys tile behind the range cover when it ended up being covered up?

    • Julia says:

      You definitely don’t have to, we just wanted to get a head start on the walls tiled and wanted to make sure the tile would line up from side to side

      • Natalie says:

        It’s a great idea. If down the line the range hood needs to be removed/replaced, you aren’t left with a mess behind it to deal with & no matching tile.

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